Taj Mahal History and Architecture

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The Taj Mahal is one of the most famous landmarks in the world, known for its stunning beauty and intricate design. Located in Agra, India, this iconic building is a mausoleum that was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.

History of the Taj Mahal

The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632, just a year after Mumtaz Mahal’s death during childbirth. Shah Jahan was devastated by her passing and decided to build a monument to honor her memory. It is said that he was so consumed by grief that his hair turned gray overnight.

The Taj Mahal took 22 years to complete and was finished in 1653. It is said to have been built by a team of around 20,000 craftsmen and laborers, who worked tirelessly to bring Shah Jahan’s vision to life.

Architecture of the Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture, which combines elements of Islamic, Persian, and Indian styles. The building is made of white marble and is decorated with intricate carvings, inlaid with precious stones, and adorned with calligraphy.

The main structure of the Taj Mahal is a domed mausoleum that is surrounded by four minarets. The mausoleum is octagonal in shape and has a large dome that is over 70 feet tall. The dome is topped by a finial, which is made of pure gold.

The interior of the Taj Mahal is just as impressive as the exterior. Inside, there is a central chamber that houses the tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. The walls of the chamber are decorated with intricate carvings and calligraphy, while the tombs themselves are made of white marble and are adorned with precious stones.


The Taj Mahal is a testament to the power of love and the human spirit. Its beauty and intricate design continue to captivate visitors from around the world, making it one of the most popular tourist attractions in India. If you ever get the chance to visit this iconic building, take your time to appreciate its breathtaking architecture and rich history.