Jaipur

Jaipur

Things to do - general

A Short Introduction

Jaipur is full of fascinating bazaars, historic sights, opulent places. This city is also called the “Pink City”. The reason for the same is the colour of its buildings. Jaipur trip is often the most exotic and full experiences. It is a good example of modernity and tradition. Jaipur’s old area has the City Palace. An astronomical observatory and bazaars that sell everything. From shoes to jewellery. There are some recent additions is a multi-arts centre. But the Hawa Mahal remains the focal point.

Jaipur Trip

Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in India. It forms a part of the west Golden Triangle tourist circuit along with Delhi and Agra. It also serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan such as Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Udaipur and Mount Abu. A parallel range of hills runs along Jaipur’s eastern periphery, from Sanganer in the south up to Amber and beyond, enclosing a narrow valley. Consisting of thickly wooded slopes and rocky terrain. This was the area where the nobility built temples, gardens, pavilions and palaces.

Perched high above the city are the dramatic fortresses of Nahargarh and Jaigarh that guarded the approach to both Ambe and the new capital of Jaipur. The surrounding region also has the remains of fortified walls, temples, Havelis and the marble cenotaphs of the Kkachhawaha kings of Amber and Jaipur. By the end of the 1oth century, Jaipur had expanded its boundaries far beyond the walled city established by Sawai Jai Singh II. Many new pleasure palaces, hunting lodges and mansions came up on its outskirts, making the city a harmonious blend of old and new.

Jaipur has a hot semi-arid climate. The average rain during the year is 625 millimetres (25 in). Rain usually occurs during the monsoon months between June and September. Temperature is relatively high during summer from April to early July. Average daily temperature is around 30 °C. There are frequent and heavy rains during the monsoon. Winter arrives in the month of November and remains until February. The average temperature during winter range from 10-15°C (50–59 °F). Cold waves lead to temperatures near freezing.

Photos by Mark Itkonen.

Country INDIA
Visa requirements

Indian Visa Online

Languages spokenHindi, English
Currency usedIndian Rupee(INR), American dollar (USD)
Area (km2)111.8 km²

Culture and history info

Jaipur is one of Rajashthan's younger cities, founded in 1727. In 1700, Jai Sing II succeeded at the tender age of thirteen to the throne of the Kuchwaha Rajputs in Ajmer, inheriting a realm that encompassed Shekhawati to the north, and spread east to the borders of the kingdom of the Jats at Bayana, south to Aligarh, and west of Kishangarh where its boundaries met the mighty kingdoms of the Mewars (Udaipur) and Marwar(Jodhpur). Although the Kuchwaha Rajputs had been the first to ally themselves with the Moghuls, in 1961, thereby inviting contempt from other Rajput clans, the free flow prosperity. Mughal emperor Aurangzeb was greatly impressed with the sharp wit of  Jai Sing. He even bestowed upon him the title of "Sawai" (one and a quarter), to imply his superlative potential. Jai Singh was better than many people. He proved this by excelling in battle, politics and learning, and quickly showing an aptitude for astronomy and an extraordinary passion for symmetry.

The 43-year reign came to an end after his offsprings which he fathered with 28 wives and for concubines started the battle for succession until the state was thrown into turmoil. Many of its territories were lost to Jats and Marathas. The Britishers quickly took the advantage of Rajput infighting. Ultimately, they gained power for themselves and formed allies with Rajputs. Unlike their neighbours in Delhi and Agra, the rules of Jaipur remained loyal to the British during the bloody uprisings of 1857. After Independence, Jaipur merged with the states of Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bikaner. It became capital of Rajasthan in1956. Today, with a population bordering on two million, the state's most advanced commercial and business centre is as prosperous as ever.

Culture and history image
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